The History of the Pousada de Estremoz

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Sábado Domingo
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A Historic Hotel The History of the Pousada de Estremoz
A Historic Hotel
At the beginning of the twentieth century the town walls, the so called Torre das Couraças and the Chapel Rainha Santa were classified as a National Monument from 1910.
There are no definite data about the origins of the Estremoz castle.  It is believed that the fortification only began to be constructed on the turning point of the dynasty which imposed D. Afonso III in power, which gave it a strong symbolic status of the new political framework coming from the first civil war of the young Portuguese reign.
At the time of D. Dinis, the castle should already have be defined, as the project was one of the most important of the time, with the point around being defended by 22 towers and the people within the walls could have been supplied by around 20 cisterns.
The importance of Estremoz in the first half of the fourteenth century is unquestionably an important heritage collection dating from this period, which include the castle, as its common denominator, but which extends to other works such as the Palace of Audience or the considerable sections of the Royal Palace.
During the ownership of Queen Santa Isabel, who died here in 1336, Estremoz became one of the main political centres of that reign, offering advice to important figures and being the private stage for royal politics during the end of the first dynasty.
The castle follows a generically pentagonal plan, suited to the rock mass on which it is implanted.  The main section is located on the south side where the imposing Keep looms.  Of a quadrangular plan, it is 27 metres in height and must have been completed by the 70’s of the fourteenth century when D. Fernando carried out the ultimate works on the set.
Inside, it is organized on three floors:  the first; poorly lit, would have served as a prison; the second corresponds to a royal courtroom, where you will find the national coat of arms:  an octagonal lounge, covered with a starry dome, settled on capitals of fully naturalistic plant decoration; the third has machicolation benches that played an exclusively military role.  Finally, the terrace is protected by battlements (virtually all incorporated into the tower at the time of the 1940 restoration).
The History of Estremoz
In 1336 Queen Santa Isabel, at the age of 65, moved to Estremoz from the Franciscan convent in Coimbra where she had gone after the death of her husband D. Dinis, so as to avoid a war between her son Afonso IV and the King of Castela, Afonso XI.  Afonso IV declared war on Afonso XI for the mistreatment that he had inflicted on his wife D. Maria (daughter of Portuguese kings).  Queen Santa Isabel stood between the two disputing parties and once again avoided a war as before in 1323 at the battle of Alvalade between the troops of D. Dinis and D. Afonso IV.
Estremoz was the place where king D. Pedro I died in 1367 in the Franciscan Convent and it was here, in 1497, that D. Manuel met with Vasco da Gama to give him command of the fleet he took to India, as well as the presents for the king of Calicut.
With regards to the Historical and Monumental Heritage of Estremoz, stands the Castle of Monte Évora, from which linger Dionysian fences and doors. It emphasizes the fortified palace, which marks the transition to gunpowder and whose tower was built during the reconstruction works of the fifteenth century.
Also to be mentioned are the gothic style Church of São Francisco which dates back to the thirteenth century, the gates and ramparts of the city, pointing out those that were subject of an independent official classification:  The Santo António’s Gate, The Santa Catarina Gate and the Corral Gates of Évora.
The Lusitanian-Roman villa of Santa Vitoria do Ameixial is part of a very old historical element, which dates back to the third or fourth century and is thought to have been a centre of agricultural exploration of the period.
As a cultural installation stands the Municipal Museum of Estremoz which has a reconstruction of a traditional house, as well as craftsmanship samples characteristic of the region, spread over ceramic cores – clay figurines and pottery of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries -, cork, horns and wood, with emphasis on painted Alentejo furniture of the twentieth century.  Other cores to point out are: Roman and medieval archaeology, tiles and religious art.
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Date of the Building:
Twelfth Century Castle
Architectural Characteristics:
Medieval; Military
Historical People:
Rainha Santa Isabel; D.Dinis; D. Afonso III; D. Fernando; D. João V
Rui Ângelo do Couto
Attractions of the Pousada:
Romantic environment; seventeenth and eighteenth century predominant decor
Largo de D. Diniz
7100-509 Estremoz
(+351) 268 332 075
(+351) 268 332 079
Aeropuerto más cercano
Lisboa - 169 km; 105 miles
Decimal Degrees (WGS84) Latitud: 38.842183 Longitud: -7.592283
Degrees, Minutes & Seconds Latitud: N38 50 31 Longitud: W7 35 32
GPS Latitud: N 38 50.531 Longitud: W 7 35.537
UTM Quadrante: 29N X: 622170 Y: 4300205
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Juegos de mesa, Piscina con zona de bar, Snooker
Caza, Observación de aves, Passeos a pie, Pesca, Tiro, Visitas a bodegas regionales
Conexión gratuita a Internet en las zonas públicas, Business Center, Caja fuerte en la recepción, Alarmas de humo, Reparto de periódicos, Lavandería, Tienda, Recepción 24h, Servicio de habitaciones, Sprinklers en las áreas públicas, Staff multilingue
Sleeping in a museum. Staying at this Pousada do remember that movie where the protagonist gets locked at night in a museum.
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